Gajan- A Folk Cultural of Rural Bengal

21/12/2018 Moumita Ghosh*
Rich folk culture and traditional heritage have always been the most important part of Indian art and culture. The state West Bengal is also famous for some of its very indigenous folk culture, and ‘Gajan’ is one of them. It is a part of 'Charak' festival observed on the occasion of the worship of the lord Shiva; as He is referred as the prime-mover. 'Gajan-gaan' ('Gajan' songs) originates in the heart of common people, and this expresses their social, religious and political status, demonstrating the history of class struggle, social stratification, and exploitation of marginal class by the upper class and political hegemony.
Lord Shiva is imagined as a healthy, handsome person with a tiger skinned on, with a trident in the left hand and ‘damru’ in the right. Preparation for 'Gajan' begins towards the end of ‘Falgun’ (March). The villagers begin to thrive with life and vitality as the festival approaches. The rich people are seld…

Heavenly Himachal


Neha Chatterjee*

Our trip to Himachal is one of my memorable trips that I would like to share. As the train left from Howrah our souls were filled with enthusiasm. The next day we reached Ambala cantonment. Journey towards the Himalayas begins with it. Our first destination was Shimla. Shimla, is the capital and the largest city of the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla is also a district which is bounded by Mandi and Kullu in the north, Kinnaur in the east, the state of Uttarakhand in the south-east, and Solan and Sirmaur. Shimla is on the south-western ranges of the Himalayas at 31.61°N 77.10°E. It has an average altitude of 2,206 metres (7,238 ft) above mean sea level and extends along a ridge with seven spurs. The city is beautiful and clean. The main highlights of the city are the Shimla Kali Bari and the mall road.
Then the next day we started for Sarahan which is a village in the Kinnaur district. The village is known as the 'Gateway of Kinnaur' i…

A Delightful Holiday in Kashmir

21/12/2018 Gargi Banerjee*
I was in Kashmir along with my parents for ten days on a holiday in the year 2016 during the month of May. I thought it worth writing a blog about our impressions and the beauty of nature. I can never hope to describe like movies, poets, storytellers have shown and described the splendour of Kashmir. I will just say it’s one of the most beautiful places I have ever seen. I have travelled to many places throughout India but the beauty of Kashmir will always remain evergreen in my mind till my last breath.  In Kashmir, we were in Gulmarg, Sonamarg, Srinagar, Pahalgam and Patnitop. Gulmarg is called ‘snow clad Switzerland of India’ …Snow covered natural meadows mesmerized us. The town is situated in the Pir Panjal range of the western Himalayas. Blind valleys were new to me in Pahalgam. The beauty of Betab and Aaru valley was treat to our eyes. It offers an unforgettable horse ride trip up to the valley. 

Sonamarg (The Meadow of Gold) is a district about 80 km. nor…

Socio-Economic Profile of Muraddi Mouza, Santuri C.D Block, Purulia District of West Bengal

19/10/2017Juthika Dey*
Carved out of the former Manbhum district of Bihar, Purulia district was merged with the state of West Bengal in November 1956 on the recommendation of the states of Re-organization committee. Jharkhand surrounds this western most district of west Bengal, Purulia, on its three sides, while its western boundary is flanked, for the major part, by Bankura district. The district also touches a part of Burdwan district on the northeast and part of Midnapore district on the southeast. Its latitudinal and longitudinal extensions from 22⁰42’35’’ to 23⁰42’00’’North and 85⁰49’25’’to 86⁰54’37’’ East respectively. Total geographical area of district is 6259 sq (census 2001), out of which the urban and rural area consist of 79.37 sq. kms (1.27%) and 6179 sq. kms (98.73%).

Educational characteristics Education plays a crucial role in socio economic development of a place. It also helps in the development of human civilization through reducing poverty, ignorance, exclusions …

Langmuir Circulation

19/10/2017Piu Mandal*
Langmuir Circulation is a kind of water circulation mainly driven by wind. It is the most important topic in Physical Geography and also most important research topic to the Oceanographer. The study of Langmuir Circulation is quite interdisciplinary, as it is a cross idea from Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Applied Mathematics. Langmuir Circulation process or mixing the ocean layer mainly incorporated with fluxes of momentum, heat, mixing gases across the air-sea interface and transport of nutrients and others. There lies a crucial link in coupling the air and sea for mixing layer in ocean surface. What is Langmuir Circulation? “Langmuir Circulation is shallow, slow, counter-rotating vortices at the ocean's surface aligned with the wind”. These are mainly found when wind blows over the sea surface. This type of circulation is mainly seen when convergence of two nearby cells form a parallel pattern on the water surface. This convergence zone or area is popularly…

India is Heading towards a Grave Water Crisis : Save our Rivers

Sukannya Mullick*
Each and every day we get to hear that our water bodies are getting polluted, being it a river or a lake or a sea or any ocean and how can never ignore the pollution of our groundwater in which the pollutants are getting contaminated by the process of percolation of rainwater or inland flow of water from the streams. What are we doing? Nothing…. And that’s the answer, because everybody is just advising to become aware of the water pollution but no one is just taking the first step to prevent it. Not even me, because knowingly or unknowingly; intentionally or unintentionally me too is polluting our water bodies in one or the other ways. This widespread problem of water pollution is jeopardizing our health. Unsafe water kills more people each year than war and all other forms of violence combined. Meanwhile, our drinkable water sources are finite: Less than 1% of the earths freshwater are actually accessible to us. Without action, the challenges will only incre…